Compound/Class

Avoid Storage Near or Contact With:

Acids

Acetic acid

Chromic acid, nitric acid, hydroxyl compounds, ethylene, glycogen, perchloric acid, peroxides, permanganate

Hydrofluoric acid

Ammonia (aqueous or anhydrous)

Nitric acid (conc.)

Acetic acid, aniline, chromic acid, acetone, alcohol, or other flammable liquids, hydrocyanic acid, hydrogen sulfide, or other flammable gases, nitratable substances: copper, brass or any heavy metals (or will generate nitrogen dioxide/nitrous fumes) or organic products  such as wood and paper

Sulfuric acid

Light metals (Iithium, sodium, potassium), chlorates, perchlorates, permanganates

Bases

Ammonia

Mercury, chlorine, bromine, iodine, hydrofluoric acid, calcium hypochlorite

Calcium oxide

Water

Alkaline metals

Sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, aluminum, carbon  dioxide, carbon tetrachloride or other chlorinated hydrocarbons, halogens, water

Bromine

Ammonia, acetylene, butadiene, methane, propane, butane (or other petroleum gases), hydrogen, sodium carbide, turpentine, benzene, finely divided metals

Carbon, activated

Calcium hypochlorite, oxidizing agents

Chlorine

Ammonia, acetylene, butadiene, methane, propane, butane, or other petroleum gases, hydrogen, sodium carbide, turpentine, benzene, finely divided metals

Copper

Acetylene, hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid

Fluorine

Isolate from everything

Iodine

Acetylene, ammonia (aqueous or anhydrous), hydrogen

Mercury

Acetylene, ammonia, fulminic acid (produced in nitric acid–ethanol mixtures)

Oxygen

Oils, grease, hydrogen, other flammable gases, liquids, or solids

Phosphorous (white)

Air, oxygen, caustic alkalis as reducing agents (will generate phosphine)

Potassium

Carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water

Silver

Acetylene, oxalic acid, tartaric acid, fulminic acid (produced in nitric acid-ethanol mixtures), and ammonium compounds

Organics

Acetone

Concentrated nitric acid and sulfuric acid mixtures

Acetylene

Fluorine, chlorine, bromine, copper, silver, mercury

Aniline

Nitric acid, hydrogen peroxide

Flammable liquids

Ammonium nitrate, chromic acid, hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid, sodium  peroxide, halogens

Compound/Class

Avoid Storage Near or Contact With:

Organics

Hydrocarbons

(propane, butane, etc.)

Fluoride, chlorine, bromine, chromic acid,  sodium  peroxide

Nitroparaffins

Inorganic bases, amines

Oxalic acid

Silver, mercury

Oxidizers

Chlorates

Ammonium salts, acids, metal powders, sulfur, finely divided organics, or combustible materials

Chromic acid (trioxide)

Acetic acid, naphthalene, camphor, glycerol, turpentine,  alcohol or flammable liquids

Ammonium nitrate

Acids, metal powders, flammable liquids, chlorates, nitrates, sulfur, finely divided organics or combustible materials  

Chlorine dioxide

Ammonia, methane, phosphine, hydrogen sulfide

Cumene hydroperoxide

Organic or inorganic acids

Hydrogen peroxide

Copper, chromium, iron, most other metals or salts, alcohols, acetone, or other flammable liquids, aniline, nitromethane, or other organic or combustible materials

Hypochlorites

Acids  (will generate chlorine or hypochlorous acid)

Nitrates

Sulfuric acid (will generate nitrogen dioxide )

Perchloric acid

Acetic acid, bismuth and its alloys, alcohol, paper, wood, grease, oils

Peroxides (organics)

Organic or inorganic acids; also avoid friction and store cold

Potassium chlorate

Acid, especially sulfuric acid

Potassium permanganate

Glycerol, ethylene glycol, benzaldehyde, sulfuric acid

Sodium peroxide

Any oxidizable substance such as methanol, ethanol, glycerol, ethylene glycol, glacial acetic acid, acetic anhydride, benzaldehyde, furfural, methyl acetate, ethyl acetate, carbon disulfide

Alkaline metals

Sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, aluminum, carbon dioxide, carbon tetrachloride or other chlorinated hydrocarbons, halogens, water

Calcium oxide

Water

Cyanides

Acids (will generate hydrogen cyanide)

Phosphorous  (white)

Air, oxygen, caustic alkalis as reducing agent (will generate phosphine)

Potassium

Carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water

Sodium

Carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water

Compound/Class

Avoid Storage Near or Contact With:

Oxidizers

Sodium peroxide

Any oxidizable substance such as methanol, ethanol, glycerol, glacial acetic acid, acetic anhydride, benzaldehyde, furfural, methyl acetate, ethyl acetate, carbon disulfide

Sulfides

Acids (will generate hydrogen sulfide)

Reducing Agents

Hydrazine

 

Hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid, other oxidants

Nitrites

Acids (will generate nitrous fumes)

Sodium nitrite

Ammonium nitrate and other ammonium salts

Toxics/Poisons

Arsenicals

Reducing agents (will generate arsine)

Azides

Acids (will generate hydrogen azide)

Cyanides

Acids (will generate hydrogen cyanide)

Hydrocyanic acid

Nitric acid, alkalis

Hydrogen sulfide

Fuming nitric acid, oxidizing gases

Selenides

Reducing agents (will generate hydrogen selenide)

Sulfides

Acids (will generate hydrogen sulfide)

Tellurides

Reducing agents (will generate hydrogen telluride)

 

ที่มา         Chemical Segregation & Incompatibilities Guidelines, University of Texas at Arlington [ออนไลน์] เข้าถึงได้จาก http://www.uta.edu/campus-ops/ehs/chemical/docs/chemical-segregation.pdf   สืบค้นเมื่อวันที่ 12 มีนาคม 2555